Construction Equipment & Machinery Used in Construction Industry
Modern Construction equipment plays a vital role in the construction industry where business objectives are strictly time and margin driven. The modern construction equipments are very swift and reliable with high-quality control measures embedded into them as they have evolved over the years. Proper utilization of these equipment helps in the economy, quality, safety, speed and timely completion of the project. It optimizes the usage of material, manpower, finance, and the shortage of skilled and efficient labor and at the same time keeps a direct check over the quality measures that are being used.
The following machinery list helps any construction industry:
• Hydraulic Mobile Stone Crusher
• Self Loading Concrete Mixer
• Mini Dumper
• Concrete pipe truck
• Backhoe Loaders
• Skid-Steer Loaders
• Motor Graders
• Crawler Loaders
• Common Dump Trucks
HYDRAULIC MOBILE STONE CRUSHER
Hydraulic-driven stone crusher is mostly used for crushing and screening in many applications, such as road construction, bridge construction, building, mining, metallurgical and energy industries, etc. Commonly materials like granite, marble, basalt, iron ore, copper ore, coal, slag and others are easy to be crushed by the mobile stone crusher.
SELF LOADING CONCRETE MIXER
Self Loading Concrete Mixers reduce labour and time in various construction sites. Single Operator can weigh and load the exact required amount of cement, sand and aggregates from different locations, and mix the concrete while in transit to your preferred work site, all done within no time.
Self Loading Concrete Mixer Features
• Reliable, High-Performance Concrete Mixing
• Compact Design
• Fully Automatic Operation
This mini dumper truck is a mechanical design with 4wheels driven. The max loading weight is 250kgs. It can be used on outdoor sites, carrying bricks, cement bags, sand and stones around various sites. There have rich accessories such as a flatbed, extended sides, ball hitch, power lift and so on.
CONCRETE PIPE TRUCK
Concrete pump trucks place the concrete right where you need it, pumping concrete is fast which saves on labour cost, pumping the concrete reduces the amount of manpower you need to place the concrete.
Excavator is large machinery that can be driven on wheels or tracks, but tracks are more standard for such large machinery. An excavator has a long arm attached to a pivoting cab that can rotate 360 degrees. The long arm is operated off the cab with a high vision facility.
The most common uses for an excavator include:
• Material handling
• Excavating trenches, dugouts, and foundations
• Brush cutting with hydraulic attachments
• Rough grading
• Heavy lifting and pipe installation
TYPES OF EXCAVATOR:
o Compact excavator
o Crawler excavator
o Wheeled excavators
o Dragline excavator
o Bucket wheel excavator
o Long reach excavator
Backhoe loaders have a body that is similar to a farm tractor an adjustable shovel is attached to the back for digging. This machine is in a medium-sized construction facility. It is capable of working in a limited space, and it can perform various operations like moving dirt, backfill excavations, dig holes and trenches, and place pipes and other materials. The bucket in the back can be changed to dig trenches of different widths.
A bulldozer is a powerful, extremely heavy machine employed to move dirt. Bulldozer considered as a strongest and most solid heavy machinery in the construction industry. Bulldozers have a wide, flat blade in front of the cabin is operated using two hydraulic pistons to move the blade in a limited range of angles and depths. A bulldozer's heavyweight can crush the solid stones in the way of its operations.
Skid-steer loaders are small and quick they can turn within its own footprint, like a tank. It is wheel driven with good traction in snow and mud.
These loaders come in different sizes and can be equipped with various tools to perform digging, drilling, compacting, log grappling, snow blowing, jack-hammering, and other tasks.
Motor Graders are heavy machinery equipped with an adjustable blade that meets different angles and creates a flat surface. It can also be fitted with a second blade in the front axle for some instances it can be used for underground mining. Motor graders are typically used to fine-grade dirt or gravel roads or to prepare the road base course. Graders can also be used to create sloped surfaces or drainage ditches with shallow V-shaped cross-sections.
A crawler loader is a mixture between an excavator and a backhoe. Its tracks give it exceptional stability, and its versatile bucket makes it useful for moving soil and detritus for loading material onto trucks. Crawler loaders are also used as excavator on relatively small projects.
A trencher is used to dig trenches, usually narrow trenches for piping and cabling. It sizes, from small walk-behind versions to very large machines that can cut asphalt pavement and other hard surfaces. It has a conveyor system that carries the excavated material and deposits it onto the ground next to the trench. Trenchers can use different digging implements depending on the depth of the trench and material being excavated.
A scraper can move dirt and heaps quickly around a construction site and is used primarily for digging and levelling large areas of land. Scrapers are large heavy machinery designed for open areas, where they can run at high speeds for cut and fill operations. Large self-propelled scrapers are called motor scrapers. There are smaller scrapers, called pull scrapers, that are pulled behind another vehicle.
COMMON DUMP TRUCKS
Dump trucks are needed on every large job site. These trucks offer limited function but perform the all-important task of transferring and dumping many types of heavy material. They are also road-ready, so they can bring material into or out of site and can travel anywhere. Dump trucks come in many different sizes for different capacity and load needs, ranging from small utility-type trucks to enormous machines used in mining operations.